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Silver Pulser FAQ
Silver Pulser FAQ
FAQ Magnetic Pulser Bio Tuner
General Water Ozonator LightWorks
Silver Pulser    

Silver Pulser
Micropulsing
1. What can be done to reduce skin irritation on the wrist?
2. Why can’t I feel the current on my wrists?
3. Can the Silver Pulser be used for more than 2 hours per day?
4. Why were the silver and copper electrodes replaced with conductive rubber?
Picture of Silver Pulser
5. Are there any food or supplement restrictions while Micropulsing?
6. Are there any prescription drug restrictions while Micropulsing??
7. What is the best way to use the Silver Pulser with the other SOTA units?
8. Is it okay to apply Micropulsing to animals?
9. I’ve heard electricity can be harmful. Why is the Silver Pulser beneficial?
10. How long should the battery last?
11. Where is the Silver Pulser manufactured?
Ionic~Colloidal Silver
1. How much Ionic~Colloidal Silver should or can be taken daily?
2. Does Ionic~Colloidal Silver affect the friendly bacteria in the gut?
3. Will Ionic~Colloidal Silver purify water?
4. What is argyria?
5. What is the difference between Ionic~Colloidal Silver, Ionic Silver, Colloidal Silver and Nano Silver?
6. What are the Different Methods for Making Ionic~Colloidal Silver?
7. Do I have to use Distilled Water?
8. How do I know I have made the Ionic~Colloidal Silver correctly?
9. When do I need to replace the Silver Wires?
10. Can I make colloidal gold or copper, with the Silver Pulser?
11. Is it okay to give Ionic~Colloidal Silver to animals?
Micropulsing
1. What can be done to reduce skin irritation on the wrist?
When using the Micropulsing electrodes the skin may become
irritated. Over time, the irritation usually decreases. With longer periods of continuous use, skin irritation is more likely.

Alternate wrists each day. One day use the right wrist and the next day use the left wrist in order to allow the skin to heal.

If the pulse is feeling a bit “prickly”, verify the Rubber Probes are fully conductive. Turn the intensity dial up to full and touch the ends of the Rubber Probes together. Does the Yellow Light flash brightly?

If the Yellow Light comes on brightly, the Rubber Probes are fully conductive. If not, contact Customer Care to order replacements Rubber Probes that are not fully conductive may deliver a prickly feeling contributing to irritation.

Here are a few additional suggestions:

Wash wrists before applying the electrodes. Our skin has natural oils that can interact with the electricity which may result in a “stinging” sensation.
Wet the sleeves using purified water or with Ionic~Colloidal Silver. Ionic~Colloidal Silver has a healing effect.
If unable to feel the current using only water, try a commercial saline solution for the eyes. This will be gentler on the skin than adding salt to the water.
A conductive gel can be added to the wet sleeves to reduce irritation.
Another option is to wrap a small square of paper towel around the electrodes instead of using the cotton sleeves. A customer passed this idea along from her health practitioner. Keep the paper wet. We find it works well and a small square of paper may last for several applications.
Wash wrists well after each session and apply a healing gel or lotion such as aloe vera, vitamin E oil or MSM cream.
Drink enough water to keep the body well hydrated. Your degree of hydration may affect your sensitivity.
Apply the Micropulsing electrodes for shorter periods of time until the irritation disappears.
Turn down the intensity.
2. Why can’t I feel the current on my wrists?
Sometimes even experienced Micropulsers have days when they don't feel the current - or it seems weaker than usual.

Each individual is unique, and there are a lot of variables in how each of us sets up the Silver Pulser for Micropulsing. There isn't one single reason why the strength of the pulse might feel weak.

Here are the most common causes:
Hydration
Make sure you are well-hydrated (this is probably the most common issue). We’ve found that customers who are dehydrated often have trouble feeling or detecting the pulse. Good hydration is essential to good health, influencing the ability to think and concentrate, heart rate, blood pressure, kidney and digestive functions, bone density, even preventing or decreasing wrinkles!

If you tend towards low blood pressure, you can try drinking a glass of salt water (¼ - ½ tsp of Celtic salt to water) a few hours before pulsing.
Wrist Strap and Cotton Sleeves Positioning
Ensure the Cotton Sleeves are over the pulse points and that the Wrist Strap is holding the sleeves firmly against your skin. This will ensure good contact between the Cotton Sleeves and your wrist.
Salt
Although many people use plain old tap water, you can add several grains of salt to some water and dampen the sleeves with that. This will increase the conductivity.
Conductive Gel
Another alternative is to add Conductive Gel to the wet sleeves. This will also increase the conductivity and can be gentler than salt.
Cotton Sleeves
How wet are the Cotton Sleeves? If too wet, the moisture can pass between the two Cotton Sleeves diverting the current away from the pulse points, so you won't feel the microcurrents. Your wrist and Wrist Strap should be dry in-between the Cotton Sleeves. On the other hand, if the Cotton Sleeves aren't wet enough, that's a problem, too, as you won’t feel the microcurrents. Aim for a "happy medium".

Also, remember to periodically clean your Cotton Sleeves with a mild soap solution and rinse well with water. Over time, residue may build up on the cotton which may prevent you from feeling the pulse.
Rubber Probes
Remember to periodically clean your Rubber Probes inside and out, with a mild soap solution, followed by a good rinse of water. Over time, residue may build up on the Rubber Probes preventing you from feeling the pulse.

If you've been using the same pair of Rubber Probes for quite a while, it might be time to replace the Rubber Probes. Over time, the Rubber Probes will lose conductivity. You can test them by touching the two Rubber Probe tips together, then turn the unit up full and see if the Yellow Micropulsing Light flashes brightly.
Cotton Sleeves Alternatives
For some people, the thickness of the Cotton Sleeves can interfere with feeling the current. As an alternative, you can try one of the following:
Unbleached Paper Towel: Cut a small square of paper towel large enough to wrap around the Rubber Probe 2 or 3 times. Moisten prior to use.
Make your own Cotton Sleeve: Cut a small square of cotton material and wrap around the Rubber Probe with thread. Moisten prior to use.
Keep in mind - as long as the Yellow Micropulsing Light is flashing and you feel the pulsing, everything should be working just fine.

How the pulse is felt is unique to each individual. And remember, the intensity dial does not need to be turned up all the way, nor does your hand need to twitch in order for pulsing to be effective. You want to turn the intensity up to a level you can tolerate.
3. Can the Silver Pulser be used for more than 2 hours per day?
Yes. While typical use is 2 hours per day for at least 6–8 weeks, many choose to use the unit for longer periods each day. It can be used for more than 2 hours a day and many continue to use the unit for several months and even years.

When using the unit, whether for 2 hours or longer, it is important to increase the time gradually.

When discontinuing use of the unit, it is also advisable to gradually decrease the time as well.
4. Why were the silver and copper electrodes replaced with conductive rubber?
With the rising cost of silver, we knew we needed to find a more affordable solution for our Micropulsing Cords. The successful use of conductive rubber for the Bio Tuner Ear Clips encouraged us to try the same for Micropulsing. We found that conductive rubber works well, even with individuals who have sensitive skin. We are also discontinuing the copper electrodes as they sometimes create irritation. We have previously rejected using both stainless steel and conductive disposable pads, as they caused considerable irritation.
5. Are there any food or supplement restrictions while Micropulsing?
There are no food, vitamin, mineral or herbal supplement restrictions when Micropulsing. As a Wellness Tool, Micropulsing works best with a healthier lifestyle. For example, choosing to eat healthy, organic foods and minimizing or eliminating processed foods helps build health. Caution is advised if using potentially harmful substances such as recreational and prescription drugs, as it is not known if they will interact or if individual reactions may occur.
6. Are there any prescription drug restrictions while Micropulsing?
While no interactions have been reported to date, caution is advised if using prescription drugs, as it is not known if they will interact or if individual reactions may occur.

If you choose to try Micropulsing while using a prescription, consider pulsing prior to taking any prescriptions for the day. Start very slowly — 10 minutes per day — to see if you have a reaction. From there, slowly work your way up. Please use common sense and if you are feeling hesitant at all, do not use the Micropulsing feature of the Silver Pulser.
7. What is the best way to use the Silver Pulser with the other SOTA units?
If looking to use the SOTA units together, begin with a single unit, gradually increasing the amount of time you use the unit day by day. All the while, you’re listening to your body, paying attention to how you’re feeling. If you are experiencing sluggishness, flu-like symptoms or other minor symptoms showing the body is moving itself towards wellness, reduce the time you are using the unit or depending on the experience take a break for a few days before resuming. The keys are tuning in to your body and consistency of effort. Listen to your body, respect what it’s telling you, and use the feedback. Make adjustments if you need to. The point is not to rush.

When's the best time to add in an additional SOTA unit(s)? Planning for "start dates" at least one day apart or more is a good idea. That said, many people can start all the units the same day, while others find it works best for them to begin with one unit, and gradually add in the additional units over time. Again, create a schedule that works for you and your lifestyle.

Each individual is unique. Some may be able to start them all immediately – and others may need to take a more gentle approach. Either way, it’s okay. This isn’t a “one-size fits all” situation. A Wellness Lifestyle is not a race - it’s a journey we choose for ourselves each day.
8. Is it okay to apply Micropulsing to animals?
Yes. While Micropulsing was designed for humans, it has been used with pets. The owners of SOTA, for example, have used Micropulsing on their dogs. The Microcurrents were applied for up to 30 minutes, and at a low setting. The electrodes were placed on the inside of each leg, where it was easiest to feel the pulse.

If you want to use the Micropulsing feature with your pet, we suggest doing a web search to find the pulse points for your furry friend. Please keep in mind, pets are much smaller than humans. They are known to respond more quickly and may be quite sensitive to the feeling of even gentle microcurrents, so best to proceed carefully. Do not use if it is obvious your pet is uncomfortable or distressed.
9. I’ve heard electricity can be harmful. Why is the Silver Pulser beneficial?
There is a difference between harmful and beneficial electric current. Microcurrent, pulsed magnetic field and frequency units are designed to feed the body safe levels of electricity. The SOTA units are all designed to stimulate and work with the body’s natural electricity.

On the other hand, high voltage transformers and power lines delivering electricity to our homes to run our household appliances and the wireless technology used by cell phones can have harmful effects.

The SOTA units have all passed testing to gain CE certification. This is a European standard that indicates an electronic unit conforms to essential safety requirements to operate as a household consumer product.
10. How long should the battery last?
The SOTA Silver Pulser has been designed to ensure the maximum life of a battery. Battery life depends on how high you need the output and the type of battery used. We recommend a 9-Volt Alkaline battery as they usually last between 10–15 hours. Due to the advanced circuitry of the model SP7, battery life for this model is typically between 12-18 hours.

It is important to use 9-Volt Alkaline batteries. Batteries that are marked “Heavy Duty” or “Extra Duty” are designed for slow drain items and will not work as efficiently with the Silver Pulser.

Rechargeable 9-Volt batteries are also an option for powering both features of the Silver Pulser. Be careful, though – not all rechargeable batteries are the same size. The only way to be certain the battery will fit in the enclosure properly is to try it with your Silver Pulser.

When making Ionic~Colloidal Silver it is not necessary to use a battery. Instead, the wall adaptor that comes with other SOTA units, or a purchased wall adaptor, can be used to make Ionic~Colloidal Silver. The wall adaptor should have the following specifications: an output from 6 to 12 Volts DC with a positive center pin that supplies at least 500 mA (milliamperes) of current.
11. Where is the Silver Pulser manufactured?
The manufacturing of the SOTA Products is a global collaboration. The following countries participate in the making of the Silver Pulser (listed in alphabetical order): Canada, China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Mexico, South Korea, Taiwan and the USA. Our units say Made in China because China is the last step in the assembly of the units.

We are grateful that the people in all of these countries help us to produce quality products at reasonable prices for our customers.

Ionic~Colloidal Silverback to top
1. How much Ionic~Colloidal Silver should or can be taken daily?
Ionic~Colloidal Silver is meant to be used when needed rather than consuming continuously.

If taking Ionic~Colloidal Silver on a regular basis, up to 1 ounce (30 ml) per day is sufficient. Some choose to take several ounces, several times per day for several weeks. When drinking a larger quantity of Ionic~Colloidal Silver, it is best to sip in smaller amounts throughout the day, rather than one large dose. This will aid the body to more efficiently use the Ionic~Colloidal Silver.

As with any supplement used for an extended period of time, it is wise to take breaks. Two authors offer more precise suggestions based on their research: “In 1940 and 1966, respectively, R.A. Kehoe and I.H. Tipton reported that under normal circumstances the average daily diet will yield approximately 50 mcg to 100 mcg of silver.” (Colloidal Silver by Zane Baranowski)

One teaspoon (5 ml) of 5 PPM contains about 25 mcg of silver. That means about 1 ounce or 30 ml (6 teaspoons) contains about 150 mcg of silver. This is ample considering the amounts suggested by Kehoe and Tipton.

Based on the Kehoe and Tipton research, another author suggests drinking a cautious amount daily. He suggests at 5 PPM, ~50 mcg (2 teaspoons or 10 ml) to 100 mcg (4 teaspoons or 20 ml) is a “nutritional” daily quantity and any amount above that be considered a “therapeutic” quantity. In some circumstances, a therapeutic amount may be preferred for a period of time. (“A Closer Look At Colloidal Silver” by Peter A. Lindemann)
2. Does Ionic~Colloidal Silver affect the friendly bacteria in the gut?
Many years ago, a biochemist let us know that he had conducted an informal experiment in his lab. After making Ionic~Colloidal Silver in the 3–5 PPM strength, he added it to gut bacteria. He observed the growth of the bacteria was slowed when combined with Ionic~Colloidal Silver. When he stopped adding the Ionic~Colloidal Silver, the bacteria were alive and well. This indicated that the Ionic~Colloidal Silver temporarily halted the growth but ultimately did not harm the gut bacteria.

To date, we are not aware of any evidence that Ionic~Colloidal Silver harms the friendly bacteria in the gut. However, having our microbiome—the bacteria in our intestinal tract—teaming with friendly bacteria is critical to our health. For this reason many people choose to take a probiotic (friendly bacteria supplement) as part of a Wellness Lifestyle. Remember, it is important to take occasional breaks from drinking Ionic~Colloidal Silver. When taking a break, it may be wise to take a probiotic supplement.
3. Will Ionic~Colloidal Silver purify water?
Ionic~Colloidal Silver can be used to sterilize water but not purify it. To purify water, a filtration system is required in order to remove dissolved solids, heavy metals and particulate matter. Ionic~Colloidal Silver can sterilize water as it kills bacteria and other pathogens.

As a guide, it is suggested to add 3 Tablespoons (45 ml) of Ionic~Colloidal Silver to one gallon (4 litres) of water for at least 6 minutes to cleanse mildly contaminated water. This is a highly subjective ratio, however, as the ratio of Ionic~Colloidal Silver and how long it needs to cleanse the water will depend on the degree of contamination. More virulent pathogens would take a stronger ratio for a longer time.

Laboratory tests show Ionic~Colloidal Silver made with the Silver Pulser effectively kills pathogens.
4. What is argyria?
Argyria is a darkening of the skin, a bluish tinge, which occurs when silver molecules are pushed out to the skin and exposed to light. Darkening of the moons of the fingernails is often an early sign of argyria. The bluish tinge becomes especially noticeable around the eyes and nose. Ingesting very large quantities of Ionic~Colloidal Silver over a longer period of time could possibly result in argyria.

It is important when making your own Ionic~Colloidal Silver to use distilled water rather than water with added salt or water that is rich in minerals. The silver will react with the chloride in salt or with the minerals to form compounds. Over time argyria is more likely to occur, as these larger molecules are not as readily used by the body and are more likely to be pushed out through the skin. Such compounds could also form using silver that is less than 99.9% pure.

The risk of argyria is considered greater with larger particle sizes. When made with a constant current unit using distilled water, the particle size remains small so the risk of argyria is considered less.

Reports of argyria are rare … especially considering the thousands of people who are drinking Ionic~Colloidal Silver today. We have had only three reports:
In one case a large quantity, made with tap water, was being consumed on a daily basis over several years. The tap water was high in minerals producing silver compounds with larger particles.
In another case, a large quantity was consumed over several years that was made by adding salt to the water and later by adding baking soda. The result is larger particles than Ionic~Colloidal Silver that is made using distilled water. In addition, the silver was applied topically to the face for a period of time.
In the third case, the Ionic~Colloidal Silver was properly made. The individual had been consuming 8 ounces (250 ml) a day for 4 years. Darkening of the moons of the fingernails had started.
The risk of argyria is greater for those who are deficient in selenium or vitamin E and who also regularly consume large amounts of Ionic~Colloidal Silver. In addition to taking breaks from ingesting Ionic~Colloidal Silver, it may be wise to supplement with vitamin E and selenium.
5. What is the difference between Ionic~Colloidal Silver, Ionic Silver, Colloidal Silver and Nano Silver?
The terms Ionic~Colloidal Silver, Ionic Silver, Colloidal Silver and Nano Silver are often used interchangeably, but they are not the same.
Ionic Silver
Ionic Silver is charged atoms (ions) of Silver, which are created using a low level of electricity to move atoms of silver from silver wires into water, making what is known as a silver electrolyte. This is a simple electrolysis process. This method of making a silver electrolyte was pioneered by a physicist. The SOTA Silver Pulser produces a silver electrolyte using this method.
Colloidal Silver
Colloidal Silver is a grouping of elemental metallic silver atoms, which can vary in size from 1 to 1000 nanometers, depending on how it is made.

Imagine taking silver and using very high voltage electricity— blowing the silver up into extremely tiny pieces. As a result, you end up with atoms of silver grouped together into particles of varying sizes. These elemental silver particles are held in suspension in water. The process to make Colloidal Silver is often expensive and complex.

Ionic Silver (ions of silver) can also cluster together to form colloids. We estimate the silver electrolyte produced by the SOTA Silver Pulser has 5-10% colloidal properties.
Ionic~Colloidal Silver
Ionic~Colloidal Silver means some of the ions form micro-clusters of silver which are more colloidal in nature. With the SOTA Ionic~Colloidal Silver electrolyte, you have largely Ionic Silver (90-95%) with some of the silver displaying colloidal properties (5-10%). The SOTA Silver Pulser actually makes Ionic~Colloidal Silver because the ions in Ionic Silver have a tendency to group together forming some colloids.>
Although the properties of Colloidal Silver and Ionic Silver are different, given the nature of silver, both are beneficial. The SOTA Silver Pulser is designed to be an easy and inexpensive way to make your own Ionic~Colloidal Silver electrolyte.
Nano Silver
Technically, this is not a form of silver. Nano is a unit of measurement, like milli, kilo, inch or mile. The prefix nano means one-billionth, so a nanometer is one billionth of a meter. As a frame of reference, a single sheet of paper is about 100,000 nanometers thick. The size of a silver atom (ion) is about 0.25 nanometers (nm) in diameter. The size of a colloid is 1–1000 nanometers.

Does the SOTA Silver Pulser produce nano silver? Although we don’t label the Ionic~Colloidal Silver electrolyte produced by our SOTA Silver Pulser as ‘nano silver’, the particles by definition of size do qualify as nano-particles.
What makes this even more confusing are manufacturers who are trying to market their products by interchanging and/or using these words with their own definitions.

For example, there is a company calling their silver Nano Silver but by definition it is not. They are producing a Colloidal Silver and have ensured through their manufacturing process that the size of the particles is at the lower end of the colloid definition of 1-1000 nanometers.

Other examples are companies that produce a silver electrolyte using electrolysis and name it Colloidal Silver – when in fact it is a mix of Ionic and Colloidal Silver.

Technically what the SOTA Silver Pulser produces is an Ionic~Colloidal Silver electrolyte. The term electrolyte means there are ions created in the water that conduct electricity. (Special thanks to G.F. for helping us with the science.)
6. What are the Different Methods for Making Ionic~Colloidal Silver?
When making your own Ionic~Colloidal Silver, the present method using Constant Current produces the best electrolyte. With Constant Current room temperature water is used.

The method for making a silver electrolyte evolved quickly after the Physicist who first introduced the idea to make your own Colloidal Silver. At first, he demonstrated with tap water. The chlorine in the tap water increased the conductivity. With the application of the electric current, the silver reacted with the chlorine to quickly make a silver electrolyte for demonstration purposes. It is best to avoid chlorinated water, as the particle size is larger as a result of the formation of silver chloride.

There are three methods for making Ionic~Colloidal Silver. Only the first method is applicable for Constant Current units:
Constant Current Method: With constant current, room temperature distilled water can be used. The process is not accelerated by heating the water or adding salt as described in the other two methods. Constant current produces a high-quality silver electrolyte that is largely Ionic Silver. The ionic form ensures a very tiny particle size—a form the body seems to readily absorb.
Heating Water Method: To increase the conductivity of distilled water, it is heated. This produces an Ionic~Colloidal Silver with a small particle size. Using hot water will not speed the process with a Constant Current unit as it works independent of the temperature of the water.
Salt Method: Adding a pinch of salt was originally recommended to increase the conductivity and speed the making of Colloidal Silver. This method has been effective for many people but the particle sizes are larger as the silver reacts with the salt to form silver chloride. This solution may not be as effective and with long-term use the risk of argyria, a darkening of the skin, is higher. Using salt will not speed the process with a Constant Current unit as constant current takes the same amount of time regardless of the water.
7. Do I have to use distilled water?
Distilled water is the best choice to produce your Ionic~Colloidal Silver. If you’re unable to find Distilled Water, here are some alternatives in order of suggestion:
Water processed using a Hand Distiller
There are several makes and models available online.
Reverse Osmosis Filtration System
These systems are generally installed right to your home water supply.
Drinking Water run through a Charcoal Filter
The filtration process will remove much of the minerals and chemicals.
Bottled Drinking Water
If you only have access to bottled drinking water - then look for one with a low to no sodium content.
Hopefully, one of the above alternatives will work for you or you will be able to locate a reliable source of Distilled Water.
8. How do I know I have made the Ionic~Colloidal Silver correctly?
When it comes to making Ionic~Colloidal Silver, you need to be aware of the Color, Clarity and Taste.

The color of properly made Ionic~Colloidal Silver is colorless to a pale golden yellow. The clarity of the electrolyte is clear – you should be able to see through it. The taste is slightly metallic.

Ionic~Colloidal Silver that is dark gold/yellow, white, gray and/or cloudy is not recommended for drinking for extended periods of time and should only be taken in emergency situations, on a short term basis.

The best choice for drinking is a clear, colorless to pale gold electrolyte that has a slight metallic taste.

If your Ionic~Colloidal Silver is dark gold/yellow, white, gray and/or cloudy, it’s typically due to the water you’re using. Try a different bottle of your regular brand, as it could be that one batch is affecting the solution, or if that doesn’t help, a different brand of distilled water.
9. When do I need to replace the Silver Wires?
The Silver Wires last a long time. When both wires have become thin enough to break easily, it is time to replace them. Silver comes off only one wire when making Ionic~Colloidal Silver so rotating the Silver Wires will even the wear between the wires. By interchanging the position of the wires in the Silver Wire Holder with each use, the wires will wear evenly.
10. Can I make colloidal gold or copper, with the Silver Pulser?
While we have never tried to make anything other than Ionic~Colloidal Silver with the Silver Pulser, technically it should be possible, however we do not recommend it. We are not aware of the parameters involved in making, nor the safety of ingesting, other colloidal solutions made using the Silver Pulser.
11. Is it okay to give Ionic~Colloidal Silver to animals?
Yes. Many people report giving pets Ionic~Colloidal Silver. Some add it to their pet’s drinking water, others place a small amount in a separate bowl entirely, and others use a dropper or oral syringe to place it directly into the mouth of a pet.

Ionic~Colloidal Silver is frequently used topically on animals as needed.
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